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Reserve Bank Worries for the Rand...What Next

By James PaynterForexMar 13, 2019 09:20
Reserve Bank Worries for the Rand...What Next
By James Paynter   |  Mar 13, 2019 09:20
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This week was one of the turning points in SA's history, you would have to say, as some of the most anticipated national issues were addressed.

Ramaphosa had a busy week, with announcements on SARB grabbing headlines, as well as more news coming on Eskom's price hikes.

Along with the usual's of Brexit and Trump.

As for the Rand, well...all too soon we were back to January 2019 levels levels.

And most amazing of it all, the Elliott Wave Principle saw this massive spike coming, as the Rand soared to over R14.50 to the Dollar.

Let's dig deeper into the week, with Ramaphosa's announcements, global news and more!

Before we get into the week's activity, here was our forecast from Friday before all of this happened:

USD/ZAR Short Term Outlook 1 March 2019
USD/ZAR Short Term Outlook 1 March 2019

The predicted movement was up to R14.61 as a minimum target area, before the market would then top out and head lower. We were some way away, around R14.22, but that is what the waves were indicating...

...clearly, it was going to be quite a week.

The key moments were aplenty, but here are some of the biggest headlines:

  • SARB Nationalization - the ANC's intentions have been made clear, and the nationalization of the Reserve Bank will be actioned
  • Eskom price hikes - the inevitable has happened, with Eskom desperately needing to recoup losses...
  • Inflation worries - huge petrol price increases along with Rand devaluation have really increased worries of inflation sky-rocketing
  • GDP Growth - surprisingly good news for SA on Q4 GDP, as the economy rallied!
  • Trump watch - a week of swipes at the Fed and potential impeachment by the Democrats meant there was plenty of action on the US side of the pond.

I think the most crucial of those points was definitely the SARB nationalization.

This has been on the cards for some time, particularly after David Mabuza, SA's VP, announced that it was the ANC's intention to do this for some time. This originally comes out of the ANC's national elective conference in 2017, where they said they would work to nationalize the Reserve Bank and do away with its private shareholder structure.

This came to a head with the ANC bringing forward a motion to debate SARB's independence in March 2018, only to U-turn and can the idea... it seems we are back to where we were then, and it is back on the priority list.

Ramaphosa words were that: "Obviously we have to go through processes to see how best that decision can be implemented. There is no hidden agenda. There is no 'manga-manga' business."

This caused panic stations among many SA investors, and rightfully so.

However, it is quite interesting to consider the subject, because nationalization itself is not the issue - it is how the bank is then managed, and what it is used to achieve.

Bank of England, for example, was privately owned until 1946, which was when it was nationalized. In 1998, it became an independent public organization, which meant it was independent in setting monetary policies. However, the actual ownership of the bank itself is entirely held by the UK government. SA is one of just 6 countries who still allow private shares in the central bank.

How exactly the nationalization of SARB works will have to be seen - but it is clear that the ownership is not the issue. It who is managing the bank and its monetary policy, and how they are doing it...

...which brings us to investors concerns of the ANC's ability to do this, following the economic position SA finds itself in, as a result of looting, corruption and more. This looks horribly like a moving forward of the Communist agenda.

And therein we find the understandable reaction to the news from the USDZAR:


On Wednesday, we issued our next forecast which adjusted the minimum target level slightly to R14.56-14.92, before expecting some topping out:

USD/ZAR Short Term Outlook 6 March 2019
USD/ZAR Short Term Outlook 6 March 2019

And, as it so happened, on Friday morning after Thursday's announcement about SARB, we hit our target perfectly as the Rand moved to R14.58 to the Dollar.
There were some other headline grabbers besides SARB, such as:

    • Good news, as the stats came through from Q4 of SA's GDP - an amazing growth of 1.39%, despite all that was going on with Brexit, Trade Wars and more. This goes nicely with Q3's figures, where the economy grew 2.6%. This means that overall SA has come out with a positive growth for the year, despite the two first quarters triggering a technical recession with losses of 2.7% and 0.5%. Some welcome respite with two solid quarters stopping the rot!
    • Eskom Price hikes, unfortunately, dulled this good news, as NERSA announced that prices will increase by 9.4%, 8.1% and 5.2% for the next 3 financial years. This combined with the huge fuel price increases of between 75-100c per litre means that inflation worries are squarely in the sights of SARB once again. Head of SARB, Kganyago, made comments that a consistently lower inflation rate being supportive of the balance of the economy, but price of fuel and electricity will really hinder that goal.
  • On that note, "news on the street" has it that the Emerging Market boom is just waiting to happen...many Rand followers are hoping that this hunch is correct, but we will just continue to look to the Elliott Wave patterns to give us market direction.

The Rand steadied on Friday to close around had been quite a week, but not all bad, as the Rand only ended about 20-25c higher than where it opened.

The Week Ahead (11-15 Mar 2019)

So as we head into the second week of March, it doesn't seem like the volatility is like to lose steam, what with triggers like the UK Brexit Vote, Eskom load shedding worries, and of course, the countdown to Moody's following the announcement to nationalize SARB.

What does this mean for the Rand?

Well, as we have seen this past week, the Elliott Wave Principle was ahead of the curve, suggesting a move higher before the shock news of the ANC's decision to nationalize of SARB.

While not a foolproof crystal ball, we have found over the years that the best hints for direction does not come from analyzing the news or data, but instead from analyzing the patterns of sentiment to give us (and our clients with Rand exposures) an edge as to where the market is likely to head in the short, medium and long term.

We are here to help make your forex experience decision-making more profitable - with less stress, time and effort.

To your success~


Original post

Reserve Bank Worries for the Rand...What Next
Reserve Bank Worries for the Rand...What Next

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