Earnings call: Gladstone Commercial Corp. sees growth with strategic leasing and sales

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Earnings call: Gladstone Commercial Corp. sees growth with strategic leasing and sales
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In a recent earnings call, Gladstone Commercial Corp. ( NASDAQ : NASDAQ: GOOD ) reported significant progress in leasing activities and strategic property transactions. EJ Wislar highlighted the successful leasing of several properties previously mentioned and the ongoing efforts to fully lease partially occupied assets. The fourth quarter saw the acquisition of two new industrial facilities and the sale of two non-core office properties, alongside the leasing of six properties and the sale of another non-core property post-quarter. The company's focus on acquiring mission-critical industrial assets with strong tenants in business-friendly regions of the Southeast, South Central, and Midwest is expected to drive growth in 2024.

Key Takeaways

  • The company has successfully leased several properties and continues to work on leasing partially occupied assets.
  • Two new industrial facilities were acquired, and two non-core office properties were sold in the fourth quarter.
  • Post-quarter, the company leased six properties and sold another non-core property, increasing occupancy rates.
  • The acquisition team is focused on strong credit tenants and is reviewing potential quality projects.
  • The company's geographic focus for 2024 is on the Southeast, South Central, and Midwest markets, targeting business-friendly environments and strong demographic inflows.

Company Outlook

  • The company plans to continue targeting the Southeast, South Central, and Midwest markets due to their business-friendly environments and strong demographic trends.
  • There is an emphasis on acquiring mission-critical industrial assets with strong tenants, aiming for strong financial metrics and industry stability.

Bearish Highlights

  • The sale of non-core office properties indicates a strategic shift away from these assets.

Bullish Highlights

  • Increased occupancy rates post-quarter due to successful leasing activity.
  • The sale of a vacant office asset in South Carolina contributes to a more focused and efficient portfolio.


  • There were no specific misses mentioned in the earnings call summary.

Q&A highlights

  • The summary did not provide specific details about the Q&A session of the earnings call.

The company's strategic moves in the real estate market, especially its focus on high-quality tenants and mission-critical industrial assets, show a clear direction for the coming years. By targeting specific markets known for their growth potential, the company is positioning itself to capitalize on favorable economic trends. The successful leasing and sale of properties in the fourth quarter further support the company's positive outlook for 2024.

InvestingPro Insights

The company's recent strategic transactions and focus on industrial assets in key regions align well with its financial health and market position. Here are some insights based on real-time data from InvestingPro:

InvestingPro Data indicates a market capitalization of $500.02 million, showcasing the company's moderate size in the real estate sector. A notable point is the company's dividend yield, which stands at a significant 9.59%, reflecting its commitment to returning value to shareholders, a practice it has maintained for 22 consecutive years. This is particularly relevant for income-focused investors considering the company's stock.

The company's price to earnings (P/E) ratio, at -46.13, and adjusted P/E ratio for the last twelve months as of Q3 2023 at -8.31, suggest that the market currently does not expect high profitability in the near term. This aligns with one of the InvestingPro Tips, which advises that analysts do not anticipate the company will be profitable this year. However, the company's robust gross profit margin of 77.56% indicates efficient cost management relative to revenue.

InvestingPro Tips also highlight that the company's liquid assets exceed its short-term obligations, suggesting a strong liquidity position that can support ongoing operations and strategic initiatives. This is a crucial factor for investors to consider, given the company's active leasing and acquisition activities.

For investors interested in a deeper analysis, there are additional InvestingPro Tips available at https://www.investing.com/pro/TICKER. Use coupon code PRONEWS24 to get an additional 10% off a yearly or biyearly Pro and Pro+ subscription, unlocking further insights that can inform investment decisions.

Full transcript - Gladstone Commerc (GOOD) Q4 2023:

Operator: Greetings. Welcome to the Gladstone Commercial Year-End and Fourth Quarter Earnings Call. At this time, all participants will be in listen-only mode. A question-and-answer session will follow the formal presentation. [Operator Instructions] I'll now turn the conference over to Mr. David Gladstone, Chief Executive Officer. Mr. Gladstone, you may now begin your presentation.

David Gladstone: Okay, thank you, Rob. That's a nice introduction, and thank all of you for calling in this morning. It's nice of you. We enjoy the time that you take away from your day to come listen to our phone presentation. Wish I had more time to talk to you. We only get this sort of once a quarter. Now we’ll hear from Michael LiCalsi, our General Counsel and Secretary, give us legal and regulatory matters concerning the call today. Michael?

Michael LiCalsi: Thanks, David. Good morning everybody. Today's report may include forward-looking statements under the Securities Act of 1933 and the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, including those regarding our future performance. These forward-looking statements involve certain risks and uncertainties that are based on our current plans, which we believe to be reasonable. Many factors may cause our actual results to be materially different from any future results expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements, including all the risk factors in our Forms 10-Q,10-K and other documents we file with the SEC, you can find them on our website, gladstonecommercial.com, specifically the Investors page, or on the SEC's website, which is www.sec.gov. And we undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any of these forward-looking statements whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise except as required by law. Now, today we'll discuss FFO, which is funds from operations. Now, FFO is a non-GAAP accounting term, defined as net income, excluding the gains or losses from the sale of real estate and any impairment losses on property, plus depreciation and amortization of real estate assets. We'll also discuss core FFO, which is generally FFO adjusted for certain other non-recurring revenues and expenses. And we believe these metrics are a better indication of our operating results and allow better comparability of our period-over-period performance. Now, please visit our website once again, gladstonecommercial.com, sign-up for our email notification service. You can also find us on Facebook (NASDAQ: META ), key word there is The Gladstone Companies. And on Twitter, @gladstonecomps. Today's call is an overview of our results. So we ask that you review our press release and Form 10-K, again, both issued yesterday for more detailed information. And with that, I'll hand the baton over to Gladstone Commercial’s President, Buzz Cooper. Buzz?

Buzz Cooper: Thank you, Michael, and thank you all for calling in. Today, we will discuss our operations and topics that are top of mind. Interest rates continue to have outsized impacts on capital markets and real estate. In October 2023, the benchmark 10-year treasury yield peaked above 5% for the first time since 2007. Rates remained volatile through the end of the year with the 10-year yield finishing below 4% and increasing to 4.32% as of yesterday. This volatility translated directly to capital markets and investment volumes as sellers' pricing expectations lagged real-time changes in rates. According to CBRE, the net lease investment volume fell 55% year-over-year through Q3 of 2023. Despite volatile capital markets, industrial real estate, which now accounts for more than 60% of our annualized straight line rent, continues to perform. According to CBRE, average industrial asking rents in Q4 of 2023 rose 6% year-over-year, and the industrial vacancy rates at the end of the year were just 4.8% despite record annual completions of 612 million square feet. Moving on to office, the broader market continued to struggle in 2023. According to Cushman Wakefield, office net absorption in Q4 of 2023 was negative for the eighth consecutive quarter. We made tremendous progress throughout the year of delivering on our current core strategies, divesting non-core office assets, acquiring mission-critical industrial assets in the path of growth markets, and diligently underwriting our tenants' credits. We exited seven non-core markets and properties, completed nearly $30 million in new acquisitions and increased portfolio industrial concentration from 56% of annualized straight-line rent as of December 2022 to 60% as of December 2023. All of our acquisitions throughout the year were completed in established growing markets including Chicago, Dallas-Fort Worth, Indianapolis, and the Lehigh Valley in Pennsylvania. Furthermore, the acquisitions improved portfolio WALT with a weighted average lease term at closing of 19.3 years. In addition to new acquisitions during the year, our asset management team led more than 1.4 million square feet of leases, resulting in a more than [$1.2 million] (ph) or 13% net increase in same-store GAAP rent. The annualized straight line rent of these transactions totaled $10.7 million. While we cannot control the Fed or predict exactly where interest rates will go, we remain confident that all of these developments have better positioned our portfolio for 2024. Portfolio occupancy was at 96.8% as of December 31, 2023, and we collected 100% of cash base rents during the year. This is a testament to the mission-critical nature of our assets and quality credits of our tenant, both of which position us well to weather any economic storms we may face. In addition, we believe there are levers which we have yet to fully realize. Most of our industrial assets have fixed annual escalations of 1.5% to 3.5%. Industrial rent growth over the last few years has exceeded these escalation rates, resulting in rents that are below market and valuable upon lease renewal. Our balance sheet is healthy and flexible, positioning us to continue deploying capital into industrial deals at accretive cap rate as seller expectations normalize. Since January 1st of 2022, we have repaid more than $194 million of mortgage debt and grown our unencumbered asset base by 61% from $51 million -- excuse me, $510 million to $822 million. Following the completion of the four office building sales currently under contract, we'll have only five office mortgages remaining and the first maturity of those five is in 2026. We have $56.5 million in available liquidity via our revolving credit facility and cash on hand and remain below 50% levered as of December 2023. In short, 2023 was a successful year for selling legacy non-core office assets and redeploying proceeds into mission-critical industrial assets. Seller expectations have yet to fully normalize to the new standards set by the Federal Reserve, but as we do, we will be well positioned to capitalize on accretive new opportunities. We expect sale lease backs in particular to be the primary source of new deals for us and sale lease backs provide additional credit diligence and term, which are both hallmarks of our value proposition. Our balance sheet is flexible, driven by more than $154 million of net mortgage debt reduction since January of 2022. And again, we have more than $56 million of liquidity on hand to continue growing our industrial base. Since 2019, our industrial concentration as a percentage of annualized straight-line rents has increased from 32% to 60%, and we expect to further increase this concentration in the next six to 12 months. I will now turn the call over to Gary Gerson, our CFO, to review our financial results for the quarter and our liquidity position. Gary?

Gary Gerson: Thank you, Buzz. I'll start my remarks regarding our financial results this morning by reviewing our operating results for the fourth quarter of 2023. All per share numbers referenced are based on fully diluted weighted average common shares. FFO and core FFO per share available to common stockholders were both $0.36 per share for the quarter. FFO and core FFO available to common stockholders during the fourth quarter of 2022 were both $0.34 per share. FFO and core FFO for the 12 months ended December 31st were $1.46 and $1.47 respectively. FFO and core FFO for the same period in 2022 were $1.54 and $1.56 per share respectively. Our same store cash rent in the [four quarters] (ph) of 2023 increased by 6.5% over the same period in 2022. This was due to a one-time accelerated rent and increased recovery. Fourth quarter results reflected total operating revenues of $35.9 million with operating expenses of $28.1 million as compared to operating revenues of $37.2 million and operating expenses of $25.7 million for the same period in 2022. Expenses were higher in this period mainly due to impairment charges offset by the waiver of the incentive fee in 2023. Looking at our debt profile, 40.1% is fixed rate, 49.7% is hedge floating rate, and 10.2% is floating rate, which is the amount drawn on our revolving credit facility. As of December 31st, our effective average SOFR was 5.38%. Our outstanding bank term loans are hedged with $310 million of interest rate swaps and the remainder with interest rate caps. We continue to monitor interest rates closely and update our hedging strategy as needed. As of today, our 2024 loan maturities are manageable with $15.6 million due, which encumbered two properties held for sale. As of the end of the quarter, we had $75.8 million dollars of revolver borrowings outstanding. We sold 1,776 shares of common stock this quarter, resulting in net proceeds of $24,000 through our at-the-market program or ATM. We received net proceeds of $400,000 from sales of our Series F Preferred Stock. We continue to manage our equity activity to ensure that we have sufficient liquidity for upcoming capital requirements and new acquisitions. Presently, we have four properties held for sale. As of today, we have approximately $3.4 million in cash and $51.5 million of availability under our line of credit. We encourage you to also review our quarterly financial supplement posted on our website which provides more detailed financial and portfolio information for the quarter. Our common stock dividend is $0.30 per share per quarter or $1.20 per year. Our common stock closed yesterday at $12.51. The distribution yield is about 9.59%. And now I'll turn the program back to David.

David Gladstone: Well, thank you, Gary. That was a good report, and Buzz and Michael did good reports as well. This team has performed very well and reacted admirably to the various changes presented by the lasting impact of the pandemic changes in the economy. Overall, I just have to tell you, it's a very nice quarter. So you heard today of some of the things that they've been doing. In summary, during the fourth quarter, they acquired two new industrial facilities, again, manufacturing-oriented. They sold two non-core properties. These were both office properties. We also, during the last quarter, leased six of our properties. Subsequent to the end of the quarter, we sold an additional non-core [Technical Difficulty]. The commercial team is growing the real estate that we own at a good pace and the team is doing a great job of managing the existing properties. We have a quite a good team of people that are working those deals that come up and very proud of them. Our team of strong professional continue to pursue the potential quality projects on the list of acquisitions that they are reviewing. They've got quite a list to go through now. Our acquisition team is seeking only strong credit tenants, not going after the marginal ones. Well, that's really enough from me. Let's stop here and, Rob, if you'll come on and ask and show them how to ask questions, we'll take some questions from those who are listening.

Operator: Thank you, Mr. Gladstone. [Operator Instructions] Our first question today will be coming from the line of John Massocca with B Riley Securities. Please proceed with your questions.

John Massocca: Good morning.

Buzz Cooper: Good morning.

David Gladstone: Good morning.

John Massocca: So maybe a quick question, sorry if you touched on it somewhere in the call and I missed it. But have you made any decision yet on the incentive fee going forward into 2024? Is that something you are still considering spending, or is that going to be essentially back in kind of operating expense this year?

Buzz Cooper: Hey, John. Good morning. It's Buzz. We are having internal discussions. We have not met with the Board and had any formal recommendations at this point. So I cannot give you a definitive answer. But we are obviously looking at all our alternatives as we did waive it last year. As we look going into 2024, we obviously want to be cognizant of doing the right thing.

John Massocca: Okay. That's understood. And then in terms of kind of the existing vacancy, can you provide some updates on either potential, the disposition potential or lease up, just given the number kind of stayed state flat quarter-over-quarter in terms of both partially vacant assets and fully vacant assets?

Buzz Cooper: Sure. And I'll hit first, obviously, an asset we have discussed previously, our asset in Austin on Parmer. We have had some interest there. We continue to work with the tenancy, trying to attract new tenancy or expansion. There are some [requirements] (ph) in the market that are of good size. Can't disclose who they are that we are certainly running down and trying to work with. Our hope there is to get tenancy and then within that building look to see what is best for us, for the stockholders as it relates to hold or sell. But at this point, Tom, I don't have anything from the standpoint being able that I can report from leasing activity there. Other than that, and I have my CIO here, EJ Wislar, I can have him comment on some activity, positive activity that we have on our leasing front within the portfolio. I do want to state that it's all very positive. And I think, as you know, we stay in front of our tenants on a quarterly and certainly annual basis. So we're ahead of the curve as it relates to our vacancy. EJ?

EJ Wislar: Thanks, Buzz. John, as we kind of look at where things stand today and our current held for sale as of 12/31 and obviously was mentioned that there's an additional asset held for sale currently. A few of those are vacant office assets. So as we kind of look at our capital allocation strategy, making sure we're being the most efficient, whether we want to break those buildings or sell them and redeploy those proceeds, I would expect we'd see that vacancy rate improve over the next few quarters as we dispose of a few vacant office assets.

John Massocca: Okay, understood. And then maybe just on a line item basis, property operating expense was kind of down in the quarter, and you called out some successful real estate tax appeals. Can you maybe just provide some more color on that, and is that something that's sustainable on a go-forward basis, or is that kind of a one-time true-up in 4Q?

Buzz Cooper: I'll let Gary handle that, if I may. I will tell you that we are aggressive where we can be as it relates to appeals, and we've had successes there. Gary?

Gary Gerson: John, just to mention as a one-time, I think these were appeals, so they lowered the taxes on some of these buildings. I believe one of them was in Texas, which was significant, or two in Texas were significant. And I think that's a going forward. So these are basically reappraisals from a tax perspective.

John Massocca: Okay, so it's not just a true up for what was budgeted in ‘23. It's a lower base tax rate, essentially.

Gary Gerson: Yeah.

John Massocca: Okay. I will cede the floor. Thank you very much. That's it for me.

Gary Gerson: Thank you.

David Gladstone: Is there a next question?

Operator: Yes. The next question is from the line of Dave Storms with Stonegate. Please proceed with your questions.

Dave Storms: Good morning.

Buzz Cooper: Good morning, Dave.

Dave Storms: I just want to start, occupancy had a really nice jump subsequent to the end of the quarter. Is that a product of a couple real good wins, one giant win? Kind of what's the story there?

Buzz Cooper: As mentioned, we do stay in front of the tenants and obviously work with them. We're well ahead of our lease expirations and discussions. So we have had some successes there as I referenced in my notes of several exactly on 1.4 million square feet and [$1.2 million] (ph) in net operating increase on the same-store GAAP rent. So we are again actively engaged there and had good success. We will continue that as we go into 2024. And I’ll also ask EJ to give a comment here on a couple that he's been working as well specific because our concentration for lack of a better word is light relative to one asset that we are in good stead with.

EJ Wislar: Yeah, thanks. The occupancy increase was also related to the sale of one vacant office asset in South Carolina. So that was an improvement there. And as I mentioned before, we've got a few more vacant office assets that will be sold here in the next quarter or so.

Dave Storms: Very helpful. Thank you. And then you mentioned in the comments that you're focusing more on higher quality credit tenants. Is that a comment on just demand being strong enough that you can focus on those higher quality tenants or is that more of a comment on spread shrinking between high grade and low grade tenants? Kind of, what's driving that increased focus?

Buzz Cooper: Obviously, with the market and with our company history, we've always been focused on credit of our tenancy. I'll let EJ take that specific to market from the standpoint of what the market is also providing to us in the way of tenancies. EJ?

EJ Wislar: Yeah. And, Dave, when we say high-quality tenants, it doesn't necessarily mean a rated investment grade tenants. What we mean is when we look to acquire mission-critical industrial assets where the underlying tenancy has strong fixed coverage ratios, moderate to low leverage, strong EBITDA margins, and operates in a counter-cyclical or defensible industry with a strong moat. And so what we like to do is acquire those mission-critical assets that are generating an outsized portion of corporate revenue and EBITDA and free cash flow at the asset level. And so we certainly do like to acquire assets leased to rated investment grade tenants, but there's also something to be said for acquiring an asset that is very important to the underlying tenants. So when we say credit tenants, it's not just investment grade, but also those kind of upper middle market tenants that we get additional granular information into their operations that helps us underwrite them.

Dave Storms: Understood. That's very helpful. And then just one more for me. Do you have a sense of what your geographic focus is going to be in 2024, one way or another?

Buzz Cooper: We have obviously seen as it relates to the health of the country from the standpoint of growth has been Southeast, South Central in nature. So we have had good success there and certainly at the concentration the more we do the more that also comes our way. I'll let EJ get more specific on those markets, but that's where we are -- as well as the Midwest, seeing a focus. It's not on the West, and it's not certainly in the Northeast at this point in time. And we've had good success.

EJ Wislar: Yeah, obviously, Dave, when we look at our markets, what we like to see is business-friendly environments with strong demographic inflows as well as business formation. And so that leads us to be focusing on places like the Sunbelt as well as some select Midwest markets. We like those markets as well. They've got a strong manufacturing base, and we like the light manufacturing space, and that the tenants are very sticky, meaning they've got significant capital invested into the assets, which increases the renewal probability. So I would expect you'll see us continue to focus on those markets over the next few years.

Dave Storms: That's all very helpful. Thank you for taking my questions.

Buzz Cooper: Thanks, Dave.

David Gladstone: Okay. Rob, any more questions?

Operator: There are no additional questions at this time, Mr. Gladstone.

David Gladstone: That's terrible. We need more questions. We like it when you ask questions. So now you're going to have to hold your question until next quarter. So we'll see you next quarter. That's the end of this conference call.

Operator: Thank you. This will conclude today's call. You may disconnect your lines at this time. We thank you for your participation.

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