Earnings call: WhiteHorse Finance reports solid Q4 performance, cautious outlook

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Earnings call: WhiteHorse Finance reports solid Q4 performance, cautious outlook
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WhiteHorse (NASDAQ: WHF ) Finance, Inc. ( NASDAQ : WHF) has announced its financial results for the fourth quarter of 2023, showcasing a strong performance with GAAP net investment income and core net interest income reaching $10.6 million, or $0.456 per share.

This figure comfortably covers the quarterly base dividend of $0.385 per share. Despite a challenging M&A environment, the company reported gross capital deployments of $56.9 million for the quarter. The net asset value (NAV) per share saw a slight decline of 1.7% from the previous quarter, settling at $13.63. WhiteHorse Finance maintains a cautious stance on deal sourcing, especially in the non-sponsor market, as it navigates through a slow economic growth period.

Key Takeaways

  • WhiteHorse Finance's Q4 GAAP net investment income and core net interest income stood at $10.6 million, translating to $0.456 per share.
  • The quarterly base dividend was well covered at $0.385 per share, with an increase in the dividend amount.
  • NAV per share decreased by 1.7% from the last quarter, ending at $13.63.
  • Gross capital deployments totaled $56.9 million, amid a slow M&A environment.
  • The company's portfolio experienced markdowns but no new credits were moved to non-accrual.
  • WhiteHorse Finance is focusing on off-the-run and non-sponsor markets for deal sourcing.

Company Outlook

  • WhiteHorse Finance expects slower economic growth through 2024 and into 2025, without anticipating a recession.
  • The company has closed five new originations and three add-ons, with more pending.
  • There is $50 million of capacity for new assets on the balance sheet and $40 million in the joint venture.

Bearish Highlights

  • NAV per share experienced a slight decline this quarter.
  • The portfolio saw markdowns in certain investments like American Crafts, Atlas (NYSE: ATCO ) purchaser, and Claridge products.

Bullish Highlights

  • The company reported a healthy level of undistributed taxable income.
  • The base management fee rate has been decreased to 1.75%.
  • Despite markdowns, there were mark-to-market increases in other investments.


  • Origination constraints were reported due to a slow M&A environment.
  • The overall leverage in the market has increased, potentially indicating higher risk in new deals.

Q&A Highlights

  • Stuart Aronson highlighted the company's focus on non-sponsor deals, which have historically performed well.
  • The company's pipeline is solid, with an emphasis on deals priced at SOFR 650 and above.
  • Repayment activity is expected to increase with M&A activity, although some higher interest rate deals may be replaced by lower spread assets.

WhiteHorse Finance, Inc. has shown resilience in its Q4 performance despite a sluggish M&A market and expects to continue its cautious yet strategic approach to deal sourcing. The company's preference for non-sponsored deals is based on favorable terms and pricing, as well as lower leverage levels compared to sponsored deals. With an active pipeline and the capacity to invest in new assets, WhiteHorse Finance appears well-positioned to navigate the expected slower economic growth while maintaining its commitment to shareholder returns.

InvestingPro Insights

WhiteHorse Finance, Inc. (NASDAQ: WHF) has demonstrated a strong commitment to shareholder returns, as evidenced by its significant dividend yield and consistent history of dividend payments. According to InvestingPro, WhiteHorse Finance has maintained dividend payments for 13 consecutive years, which is a testament to the company's financial stability and prudent capital management strategies. This aligns with the company's recent announcement of covering its quarterly base dividend comfortably.

In terms of financial health, WhiteHorse Finance's liquid assets surpass its short-term obligations, suggesting a strong liquidity position that enables the company to meet its immediate financial liabilities. This is crucial for investors seeking companies with robust balance sheets, especially in uncertain economic times.

InvestingPro Data highlights a robust dividend yield of 15.83% as of the last data point, which is particularly attractive for income-focused investors. The company's market capitalization stands at $288.45 million, with a price-to-earnings (P/E) ratio of 14.19, indicating a valuation that could be appealing to value investors. Additionally, the company's revenue for the last twelve months as of Q3 2023 was reported at $103.56 million, showcasing a significant year-over-year growth of 29.38%.

Investors interested in a deeper analysis can find additional InvestingPro Tips for WhiteHorse Finance, providing a more comprehensive view of the company's financial metrics and future prospects. Currently, there are four more tips available on InvestingPro. For those looking to take advantage of this detailed financial insight, use the coupon code PRONEWS24 to get an additional 10% off a yearly or biyearly Pro and Pro+ subscription.

Full transcript - WhiteHorse Finance (WHF) Q4 2023:

Operator: Good afternoon. My name is Angela, and I will be your conference operator today. At this time, I would like to welcome everyone to the WhiteHorse Finance Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2023 Earnings Conference Call. Our hosts for today's call are Stuart Aronson, Chief Executive Officer; and Joyson Thomas, Chief Financial Officer. Today's call is being recorded and will be made available for replay beginning at 4:00 p.m. Eastern time. The replay dial-in number is (402) 220-2985. No pass code is required. At this time, all participants have been placed in a listen-only mode and the floor will be open for your questions following the presentation. [Operator Instructions] It is now my pleasure to turn the floor over to Jacob Moeller of Rose & Company. Please go ahead.

Jacob Moeller: Thank you, operator, and thank you, everyone, for joining us today to discuss WhiteHorse Finance's fourth quarter 2023 earnings results. Before we begin, I would like to remind everyone that certain statements, which are not based on historical facts made during this call, including any statements relating to financial guidance, may be deemed forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Because these forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks and uncertainties, these are important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements. WhiteHorse Finance assumes no obligation or responsibility to update any forward-looking statements. Today's speakers may refer to material from the WhiteHorse Finance Fourth Quarter 2023 earnings presentation, which was posted to our website this morning. With that, allow me to introduce WhiteHorse Finance's CEO, Stuart Aronson. Stuart, you may begin.

Stuart Aronson: Thank you, Jacob, and good afternoon, everybody. Thank you for joining us today. As you're aware, we issued our earnings this morning prior to market open, and I hope you've had a chance to review our results for the period ending December 31, 2023, which can also be found on our website. On today's call, I'll begin by addressing our fourth quarter results and current market conditions. Then Joyson Thomas, our Chief Financial Officer, will discuss our performance in greater detail after which we will open the floor for questions. This afternoon, I'm pleased to report strong performance for the fourth quarter of 2023. Q4 GAAP net investment income and core net interest income was $10.6 million or $0.456 per share, which more than covered our quarterly base dividend of $0.385 per share. This represents a slight decline from the Q3 gap and core NII of $10.8 million or $0.465 per share. NAV per share at the end of Q4 was $13.63, representing a 1.7% decrease from the prior quarter. NAV per share was negatively impacted by a $6.8 million of net mark-to-market in our portfolio. Markdowns were related to company-specific performance and were partially offset by markups across four credits, as I will discuss shortly. Turning to our portfolio activity. In Q4, gross capital deployments totaled $56.9 million, with $54.1 million funding eight new transactions and the remaining $2.8 million funding add-ons to existing portfolio investments. This was the highest level of origination activity in 2023 but was slightly below quarters in past year fourth quarters and past years. Origination constraints were primarily a lack of deal opportunities with a slow 2023 M&A environment, leading to a tight deal market. Half our new originations in Q4 were sponsored deals and the other half were non-sponsor deals. The sponsor deals had an average leverage of approximately 4.3x debt to EBITDA. I note that these deals were all first lien loans with spreads of 575 basis points or higher and had average all-in rate of 12%. During the quarter, the BDC transferred four of these new deals and one add-on to the Ohio STRS JV totaling $27.6 million, and that was on in exchange for cash. I will discuss activity within the JV in more detail shortly. At the end of Q4, more than 97% of our debt portfolio was first lien, senior secured and following fourth quarter originations, our portfolio mix was approximately two-third sponsor and one-third non-sponsor. In Q4, total repayments and sales were $34.9 million primarily driven by two complete and two partial realizations. In addition, there were $0.6 million in net repayments made on revolver commitments. As addressed in our last earnings call, repayment activity remained elevated during the first half of 2020 -- sorry, relative to the first half of 2023, and we anticipate them to continue through 2024 based on a pickup in M&A activities and the ability of some companies refinance at lower rates. Currently, we have visibility into a number of likely repayments in Q1. And as of today, have already had $39 million in full repayments and sales across five investments. We will seek to redeploy this capital into attractive investments this quarter and going forward. With repayments and JV transfers offsetting our modest deployment activity, the Company's net effect leverage remained at 1.16x, unchanged from the prior quarter. This is still below the lower end of our target leverage range. And so long as our portfolio remains heavily concentrated in first lien loans, which have lower risk than second lien loans, we expect to continue to run the BDC at up to 1.35x leverage. With that in mind, I'll now step back to bring our entire investment portfolio into focus. After the effects of net repayments and the STRS JV transfers, as well as $6.8 million in net mark-to-market changes and the $1.2 million of accretion, the fair value of our investment portfolio was $696.2 million at the end of Q4. This compares to our portfolio of fair value of $706.8 million at the end of the previous quarter. The weighted average effective yield on our income-producing debt investments increased to 13.7% as of the end of Q4, up from 13.6% at the end of Q3. The variance was primarily driven by a slight increase in the portfolio's base rate and spread. We continue to utilize the STRS JV successfully. The JV generated investment income to the BDC of approximately $4.2 million in Q4, up from $3.9 million in Q3. As of December 31, the fair value of the JV's portfolio was $312.2 million and at the end of Q4, the JV's portfolio had an average unlevered yield of 12.4%. This compares to 12.5% at the end of Q3 and 11.3% at the end of Q4 2022. The year-over-year increase in our unlevered yield is primarily due to rising base rates. The JV is currently producing an average annual return on equity in the mid-teens to the BDC. We believe WhiteHorse's equity investment in the JV provides attractive returns for our shareholders. Transitioning to the BDC's portfolio more broadly, there were some markdowns in the portfolio during Q4, with mark-to-market declines being driven by our investments in American Crafts, Atlas purchaser, which is also known as Aspect Software and Claridge products. These declines were partially offset by not mark-to-market increases in various portfolio investments. As we've shared before, we continue to see some pressure on our portfolio and the general economy preparedly in the consumer segment. We remain vigilant in monitoring our portfolio of companies, and we have not seen demand weakness in other sectors, including general industrial B2B, healthcare, TMT or financial services. Additionally, our portfolio includes mostly non-cyclical or light cyclical borrowers, and we have no direct exposure to oil and gas, auto, new home construction or restaurants. The vast majority of our deals have strong covenant protection, and we are finding that, in most cases, private equity firms we partnered with are supporting their credits with new cash or contingent equity as needed. No new credits were moved to non-accrual during the quarter. And at the end of Q4, investments in non-accrual totaled 2% of our total portfolio at fair value compared with 2.8% at the end of Q3. Across the portfolio, generally, we see balanced activity in terms of credit performance and remain overall pleased with the health of our debt portfolio. American Crafts remains on non-accrual status. The turnaround of this troubled asset is taking longer than anticipated. And the investment was marked down by $7.5 million or approximately $0.32 per share in terms of our portfolio NAV in Q4. Our investments in PlayMonster, Crown Brands and Arcserve remain on non-accrual as well. Subsequent to the end of Q4, we and other leaders took control of Arcserve and we believe that the asset has potential side in the coming in to 18 to 24 months as we implement changes in management and company structure to optimize profitability. We hope to successfully exit our Crown investment this quarter. Finally, a markdown was taken on Atlas purchaser, Aspect Software, which we believe to be appropriate given the Company's ongoing restructuring. The asset remains on accrual status, and we continue to monitor the situation. We're optimistic on our ability to effectively navigate and turn around troubled investments illustrated by the successful exit of our investment in Arcole during Q2, which generated a 1.2x return on invested capital. WhiteHorse and H.I.G. Capital have a proven ability to leverage our collective resources and expertise to turn around investments with the objective of minimizing losses and capital preservation. We are actively working with our troubled portfolio companies to improve their performance. Turning to the broader lending market. The markets in Q4 were characterized by increased liquidity from both direct lenders and banks. As a result, pricing in the market for sponsor deals fell by about 50 basis points on average. As we enter 2024, this market activity has continued to ramp up with additional liquidity becoming available in the marketplace. We are seeing people have a more optimistic view on the economy than they had in most of 2023. And as a result, our competitors are becoming more aggressive on both leverage and price, including for companies that we see as moderate and deep cyclicals. The aggressiveness of the on-the-run sponsor market right now is reminiscent of 2021 in terms of both price and structure. Pricing on upper mid-market deals has come down to between SOFR 475 and SOFR 550. We are seeing SOFR 500 to 575 as pricing for mid-market deals and SOFR 550 to 625 for lower mid-market deals. In the lower mid-market, we're seeing deals being levered 4x to 5x, while leverage in mid-market deals is higher at 4.5x to 6x, and we're seeing deals getting done for cyclicals at 4.5x to 5.5x leverage which we view as very aggressive for a cyclical credit. Loan-to-value, which in Q3 was typically under 50%, is now up to 55% in the lower mid-market and 60% to 65% in the mid-market and upper mid-market. In the non-sponsor sector, deals are still consistently at loan-to-value of under 50% with an average 40% to 45% loan to value. Additionally, pricing has remained stable in non-sponsor market at SOFR 650 to 850 with leverage multiples of 3x to 4.5x. In the current market environment, we are being very cautious in our deal sourcing with the on-the-run sponsors especially, and our focus remains on the off-the-run market and non-sponsor market where market terms remain comparatively more attractive. Our view on the economy in 2024 is that because unemployment remains low, and because we believe there are underlying pressures on wages and raw materials that are still raising prices. We don't think the Fed is going to hit its 2% inflation target as quickly as other people seem to think. We maintain our perspective that the market is overly optimistic on rate cuts and expect that higher rates will slow down the economy. We don't foresee a recession, but at a minimum, we expect slower growth through 2024 and into 2025. In an elevated market environment like what we are seeing thus far in 2024, we derive particular benefit from our sourcing model, which allows us to source deals and corners of the market where there is less competition, including the off-the-run sponsor market and the non-sponsor market. Our 3-tier sourcing architecture continues to provide the BD with differentiated capabilities, and we continue to derive significant advantages from the shared resources and affiliation with H.I.G., who is a leader in the mid-market and lower mid-market. WhiteHorse has 22 origination professionals located in 11 regional markets across North America. The strength of our origination pipeline enables us to be conservative in our selection. As a result, we believe the deals we are originating are more attractive than the general market in terms of risk and return. In general, we're seeing a continuing rebound in terms of both deal volume and quality and our pipeline activity levels remain solid. Following repayment activity in Q4, the BDC balance sheet is approximately $50 million of capacity for new assets at our target leverage range. The JV has approximately $40 million of capacity supplementing the BDC's existing capacity. With the move in the markets, deal sort are priced at SOFR 625 and below our targeted for the JV and those priced at 625 and above are targeted for the BDC balance sheet. We're actively working on 12 new mandates and add-on acquisitions, of the new platform mandates all are non-sponsor deals. And while there can be no assurance that any of these deals will close, all these mandates fit within the BDC or our JV should we elect to transact. Subsequent to quarter end, we have closed five new originations and three add-ons to existing portfolio of companies with several more pending. Of the new originations, one investment was transferred to the JV during the first quarter. In short, activity continues to pick up, and we remain cautiously optimistic that market conditions remain conducive for WhiteHorse. Despite sustained concerns of economic softening, we believe we are well positioned to continue to source attractive opportunities, navigate economic challenges due to our rigorous underwriting standards and continue delivering to our shareholders. As a result, in our Q3 earnings release, we announced that the Board of Directors of the BDC approved an increase to our quarterly base dividend from $0.37 per share up to $0.385 per share starting in Q4 of this year. The Board approved the decrease in the base management fee rate paid to H.I.G. WhiteHorse Advisers, the BDC adviser from 2% to 1.75%, effective January 1, 2024. This will have a further positive effect on our financial results and our ability to cover the increased base dividend on a go-forward basis. Before I conclude, I'd like to take a moment to address the recent passing of our friend and fellow board member, Kevin Burke. Kevin provided invaluable counsel throughout his tenure on the Board, and we are grateful for his dedication and service to WhiteHorse Finance. It was truly a privilege to have worked alongside Kevin and we are deeply saddened by his passing. With that, I'll turn the call over to Joyson for additional performance details and a review of our portfolio composition. Joyson?

Joyson Thomas: Thanks, Stuart, and thank you, everyone, for joining today's call. During the quarter, we recorded GAAP net investment income and core NII of $10.6 million or $0.456 per share. This compares with Q3 GAAP NII and core NII of $10.8 million or $0.465 per share and our previously declared quarterly distribution of $0.385 per share. Q4 fee income increased quarter-over-quarter to approximately $0.6 million in Q4 from $0.4 million in Q3. Q4 amounts are highlighted by a $0.4 million prepayment fee generated from the full realization of our investment in Aeyon and a small amendment fee from motivational marketing. For the quarter, we reported a net increase in net assets resulting from operations of $3.4 million. Our risk ratings during the quarter showed that 77.7% of our portfolio positions carried either one or two rating, slightly lower than 78.2% in the prior quarter. As a reminder, a one rating indicates that a company has seen its risk of loss reduced relative to initial expectations and a two rating indicates the Company is performing according to initial expectations. Regarding the JV specifically, we continue to grow its portfolio. As Stuart mentioned earlier, we transferred four new deals and one add-on transaction totaling $26.6 million. As of December 31, 2023, the JV's portfolio helped positions in 34 portfolio companies with an aggregate fair value of $322.2 million compared to 32 portfolio companies at an aggregate fair value of $313 million as of December 30, 2023. Subsequent to the end of the fourth quarter, the Company transferred three investments to the JV, including one new portfolio company. The investment in the JV continues to be accretive to the BDC's earnings, generating a mid-teens return on equity. As we have noted in prior calls, the yield on our investment in the JV may fluctuate period-over-period as a result of a number of factors, including the timing and the amount of additional capital investments, the changes in asset yields in the underlying portfolio as well as the overall credit performance of the JV's investment portfolio. Turning to our balance sheet. We had cash resources of approximately $24.5 million at the end of Q4, including $13.7 million in restricted cash and approximately $138 million of undrawn capacity available under our revolving credit facility. As of December 31, 2023, the Company's asset coverage ratio for borrowed amounts as defined by the 1940 Act, was 181% which was above the minimum asset coverage ratio of 150%. Our Q4 net effective debt to equity ratio after adjusting for cash on hand was 1.16x consistent with the prior quarter. Before I conclude and open up the call to questions, I'd like to again highlight our distributions. This morning, we announced that our Board declared a first quarter 2024 distribution of $0.385 per share, which is consistent with the previous quarter. As mentioned earlier by Stuart, in the fourth quarter of 2023, we increased our quarterly base distribution to $0.385 per share, which represents a cumulative increase of 8.5% as compared with the inaugural $0.355 per share dividend that was declared at the BDC's IPO. These actions speak to both the consistent strength of the platform as well as our resilient deal sourcing capabilities and being able to create a well-balanced portfolio generating consistent current income. As was announced in the beginning of 2023, our Board also implemented a formulaic supplemental quarterly distribution. For the fourth quarter, the Board did not declare a supplemental distribution, which is consistent with our formulaic supplemental distribution framework. We believe this framework allows us to maximize distributions to our shareholders while preserving the stability of our NAV, a factor that we believe to be an important driver of shareholder economics over time. In assessing distributions, we also consider a taxable income relative to amounts that we have distributed during the year when setting our overall dividend. Our current estimate of undistributed taxable income, sometimes referred to as our spillover as of the end of Q4 2023 is approximately $32 million. We continue to believe that having a healthy level to the lower income is beneficial to the long-term stability of our base dividend. We continue to monitor our undistributed earnings and balance these levels against prudent capital management considerations. The upcoming distribution, the 46th consecutive quarterly distribution paid since our IPO in December 2012, with all distributions at or above a rate of $0.355 per share per quarter will be payable on April 2, 2024, to stockholders of record as of March 22, 2024. As we said previously, we will continue to evaluate our quarterly distribution, both in the near and medium term based on the core earnings power of our portfolio in addition to other relevant factors that may warrant consideration. With that, I'll now turn the call over to the operator for your questions. Operator?

Operator: [Operator Instructions] Our first question comes from Mickey Schleien with Ladenburg.

Mickey Schleien: Good afternoon, Stuart and Joyson. One question this afternoon, Stuart. You mentioned how aggressive the market has become and spread with tighter spreads at the more liquid end of the continuum, and you're focused now on direct origination, which, as we know, is harder to source and has a longer lead time. So are you comfortable in the BDC's ability to potentially replace all these repayments that you're likely to see with direct origination deal flow in this environment that we're experiencing?

Stuart Aronson: Well, Mickey, I'd start by sharing with you that in 2022 and 2023, which were very favorable markets for lenders to originate deals in, we focused very heavily more than most of our competitors on getting call protection. And on our non-sponsor deals, we got call protection at three to four years. And on many of our sponsor deals, we got call protection of three years or at least two years. So we think that, that -- while repayments will pick up this year, due to M&A activity, we think the repayments due to pricing will be mitigated by the call protection that we got in 2022 and 2023. Our overall volumes in the pipeline right now are pretty solid. And what we hear from the market is that they're likely to pick up based on higher M&A activity being driven by the more aggressive debt markets and the strong desire of LPs to get returns of capital from private equity firms. So, we do think that there will be plenty of volume to replace deals that get repaid. But deals that have been put on in a higher interest rate environment may be replaced with assets that have lower spreads. So in the JV, that could look like deals that were on at 600 being replaced with deals at 550 or 575, and on the BDC balance sheet, that could look like deals that we're at 700 being replaced with deals that are 650 or 675. But there's definitely been a tightening of the pricing market in the sponsor sector. And as we've always shared with you, the non-sponsor sector remains pretty stable with pricing on deals typically between SOFR 650 and SOFR 900.

Operator: The next question comes from Bryce Rowe with B. Riley.

Bryce Rowe: Stuart. Let me kind of start with the -- some of the commentary around quarter-to-date -- first quarter-to-date repayment activity. You noted five deals. Curious if those are driven by kind of price refinance? Or are they kind of slated for or were they slated for maturity here in '24 or maybe even driven by some kind of M&A activity?

Stuart Aronson: Well, Bryce, one of the deals was a deal that was maturing and the sponsor owner of the Company not only wanted to refinance the debt, but wanted to take a dividend. And given the credit profile of the Company, we did feel comfortable giving the Company a dividend whereas the other lenders that were in the Company did feel comfortable doing it. So that deal refinanced, but we chose to exit. The other deals that we paid were mostly based on M&A activity where companies were being sold and we were getting repaid on the sale of those companies.

Bryce Rowe: Okay. That's helpful. And then, if you look at kind of your schedule of investments, you have, I guess, a decent amount of maturities in '24. How do you feel about those kind of getting to the finish line? Do you think they can get refinanced within the BDC or do you kind of foresee them moving outside of the BDC?

Stuart Aronson: We have certain assets that we like for the long term based on our expectation of a muted economy in 2024 and '25. And for those situations, we would hope to refinance those companies or follow them to new owners. But we have other companies where we see long-term trend lines that we are less optimistic about. And as these companies come up for refinancing, we will probably not definitely, but probably choose to exit. So there really is a mix based on our credit outlook for each of the deals. But the market is very aggressive right now. And anything that we have that's maturing, that is performing and marked at a normal level, we feel highly confident that the more it will refinance those transactions with no problem.

Bryce Rowe: Okay. Okay. You noted the capacity both at the BDC level and at the JV. Does that capacity -- or let's say, let's ask it this way. The capacity at the JV, is it taking up with the new deals that have already been kind of transferred in there. And is that kind of based on the, I guess, the current equity capital or borrowing base within the JV? And do you have kind of more firepower behind that in terms of being able to invest or commit more capital into the JV?

Stuart Aronson: I believe that the numbers of $50 million for the BDC balance sheet and $40 million for the JV, take into account all the recent transfers that we have done. They do not take into account the deals that are in the pipeline that we are looking to close. And again, all the new deals in pipeline that are looking to close our non-sponsor deals and all of those deals are priced at SOFR 650 or higher. In fact, one of the non-sponsor deals that we closed here in Q1 was at modest leverage and modest loan to value. But because of our origination network, we were able to source an opportunity at SOFR plus 900. So that was -- and that's a first lien deal at normal, what we would call bank terms. So very, very good origination on that.

Bryce Rowe: Yes. Okay. Last one for me. You mentioned some markups within the portfolio. What's driving the markups? By specific, just any thoughts around the markups would be helpful.

Stuart Aronson: Yes. There are certain accounts where there's an improving credit situation. I mentioned earlier that Crown Brands, we may be exiting this quarter. And we have negotiated an exit on that, that if it happens, we'll be -- that deal was marked up in the last quarter. And if we get this transaction done as contemplated, it will be at a price that's even higher than the current mark.

Operator: The next question comes from Erik Zwick with Hovde Group.

Erik Zwick: Good afternoon. I want to -- I wanted to start first with a question on the pipeline, which you've mentioned has a number of attractive opportunities on it and a number in process now. But wondering if you could maybe provide a little additional commentary in terms of the mix in terms of new versus add-on opportunities and also whether there is any kind of common themes you're noticing in times of the type of opportunities and/or kind of by industry or region of the country that you're seeing?

Stuart Aronson: I believe that the mix is about five new platforms and about seven add-on opportunities. The add-on opportunities, for the most part, price above the current market because those deals were done in a higher priced market, although borrowers are looking for adjustments of price based on the fact that the market has become more aggressive. As I mentioned before, all of the new pipeline activity that is mandated right now are non-sponsor deals. And all of those non-sponsored deals are priced at 650 and above, so would be targeted for the BDC balance sheet. And there is no particular sector that we are finding more attractive. I would say what we are seeing, there was recently a deal that was brought to us for a company that we thought was a good company and a scaled company, but it was a cyclical company. And on a cyclical, we don't like putting more than 4x leverage on the Company, and this deal came to us at 5.25x leverage and about 65% loan to value. And we just found that to be a stunningly high leverage multiple and loan to value for a cyclical company heading into what we believe is a weakening economy. And so despite the fact that, that deal was well priced at 650 or above, we walked away from that opportunity. So sticking to our knitting regards a conservative credit outlook and the non-sponsor deals that we're working on, I believe, are all levered between 3x and 4x. So, modest leverage, good cash flow coverages and companies that we believe will be either non-cyclical or light cyclicals.

Erik Zwick: I appreciate the additional details there. And then just looking at Slide 8 of the presentation, I noticed that the average investment size in the portfolio has come down about $1 million since three quarter -- third quarter of '22. So curious if that's something that you guys have actively been trying to do to work the position size smaller? Or if it's more reflected, as you said, kind of the larger end of the market becoming more competitive? And just curious, would you expect that trend to continue? Just thinking that certainly smaller deals mix is a little bit harder to kind of run in place and keep the portfolio size the same, but also potentially has some benefits in terms of lower concentration to a particular position. So just curious about your thoughts there.

Stuart Aronson: Yes. For a significant portion of the last two years, the BDC has either been full or almost full and not able to take on new deals. So -- we actually feel good about the fact that we're getting some repayments and getting the opportunity to put new deals into the BDC. We definitely believe with our 3-tier sourcing architecture that we are well positioned to continue to bring in a solid flow of deals. We are definitely, as I mentioned earlier, focused in on the off-the-run market and the non-sponsor market, which sometimes do smaller deals and sometimes do larger deals. I would say that in general, over the last quarter, you're correct that the deals we were doing were more lower mid-market deals. And as a result, the average asset allocation to the BDC was a little bit lower. But in general, the most important thing is, we are not putting any large concentrations in the BDC. When I first joined, we had positions that were $35 million or $40 million, which, on a BDC of our size, we thought it was just too much of a concentration and we are going to keep maximum allocations to no more than approximately $20 million going forward with an average allocation that will probably be closer to $8 million to $10 million to give us good diversity across the portfolio.

Operator: The next question comes from Melissa Wedel with JPMorgan.

Melissa Wedel: It's possible I missed this but I wanted to check in with you about whether or not you provided a specific amount on the post quarter end new investment activity? I think you said there were $39 million of repayments subsequent to quarter end, but I'm not sure we got a total amount on the origination side.

Stuart Aronson: I think it was five deals closed. But Joyson, do you have how much volume, the new deals and add-on deals represented in this quarter so far?

Joyson Thomas: Yes. In regards to new deployments during Q1, they approximated about $30 million. So I think the way to think about this right now is as of the end of Q4 to Stuart's earlier comments, we had about $50 million of capacity on the BDC balance sheet, taking into account the approximately $40 million of repayments during Q1 and then that gets offset by the $30 million of deployments we just did in Q1 currently right now. So I think that's the way to think about it.

Melissa Wedel: Okay. Okay. That's really helpful. And I wanted to also follow up about your comments on sort of the pipeline. And it sounds -- it's very clear based on your comments today that there is strong preference for the non-sponsored space just because of the terms, the pricing, the leverage levels you can get there right now. Would you say that, that segment is develop -- the pipeline is developing as strongly as sort of the sponsored space? Or is it a little bit tougher to source those?

Stuart Aronson: Non-sponsor business is always much harder to find, much harder and longer to underwrite and frankly, even more complicated from a portfolio perspective. That said, our experience, including during the COVID downturn is that the non-sponsor deals that we do because they're very conservatively structured and levered have performed as well or better than our sponsor portfolio. So we are actively involved in sourcing those non-sponsored transactions. It is frankly, harder to source them than it is to source the sponsor deals which just sort of come out on a regular basis. But we have 22 originators in 11 locations across North America, many of whom understand that their primary responsibility is to source either non-sponsor or off-the-run sponsor deals. And those teams due to the fact that we've had extremely low turnover over the past three years are very experienced in their regions and more broadly. And our pipeline is solid at the moment. The pipeline is certainly not as large as it was in 2021 or even 2022. But it's similar to what it was in 2023. And from what we hear in the marketplace, with the more aggressive terms available in the financing market, there's more M&A activity going on, and that should feed both our sponsor and non-sponsor pipeline.

Melissa Wedel: That's really helpful. I appreciate it. One last one, if I could sneak it in there. So in the non-sponsored space, you mentioned that I think the example that you gave was the owner dividend and to do a refi, you're comfortable with refi, not the dividend, et cetera. Begs the question, in the non-sponsored space, what are you seeing the use of capital as being right now? Is it a lot of refi activity? Or are non-sponsored companies also engaging in M&A?

Stuart Aronson: The non-sponsor deals that we're working on are primarily loans that are targeted to grow companies either organically or through M&A activity. I don't think any of the mandated deals involve dividends. We are always very cautious about doing dividends to either private equity firms or to non-sponsor owners. But -- so these are primarily growth loans. And again, the pickup in M&A activity broadly across the market does serve both the non-sponsor and sponsor deal flow.

Operator: This does conclude today's question-and-answer period. I will now turn the program back over to our presenters for any additional or closing remarks.

Stuart Aronson: I appreciate everyone spending time with us on a call today. Recognize that the NII was very strong that the NAV did decrease for the quarter. We do believe that we mark deals on a realistic and conservative basis, which is not necessarily true through the entire BDC industry and we try to be accurate each quarter based on the information we have. That said, the companies that we have marked down, we are using the expertise across WhiteHorse and across H.I.G. to try to turn those companies around. And we do believe that there is a possibility of recovery and potentially significant recovery in both 2024 and 2025 on some of those accounts. So, we will work hard to continue to optimize the portfolio. And as I said in my prepared remarks, the Arcole acquisition transaction was a good example of the deal that we had to own the Company for three years, but we're ultimately able to get out of that one at a 1.2x return to the original capital invested. And with hard work and hopefully, some fortunate luck. We hope to have similar types of recoveries on some of the other troubled assets we're dealing with right now. And that's it. I appreciate everyone's time. Thank you very much.

Operator: This does conclude today's program. Thank you for your participation. You may disconnect at any time.

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