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* South Africa to impose 21-day lockdown
* Furnaces and underground mines to go on 'care and maintenance'
* Palladium prices surge
By Tanisha Heiberg
JOHANNESBURG, March 24 (Reuters) - South African mining companies are bracing for a heavy hit from the country's looming nationwide lockdown to slow the spread of the coronavirus, warning of an expected leap in costs in addition to their lost output.
A leading producer of metals and minerals such as platinum, palladium, coal, gold and iron ore, South Africa's labour-intensive mining industry is a potential hotbed of infection among the thousands of miners who often work in confined spaces, with some living nearby in cramped accommodation.
President Cyril Ramaphosa on Monday imposed a 21-day lockdown from midnight on Thursday after a surge in coronavirus cases. and underground mines will have to be put on care and maintenance, which means operations would stop but are kept in a condition to reopen in future.
"The lockdown could result in some major capital expenditure to reopen certain deep-level shafts," said SP Angel mining analyst Johan Meyer.
South Africa's Minerals Council said it was exploring what would be required to prevent permanent damage of the sector.
"There are marginal and loss-making mines that would likely be unable to reopen should they be required to close fully, without remedial measures," it said.
AngloGold Ashanti ANGJ.J , owner of Mponeng - the world's deepest mine - said it was developing plans to restore production safely. The gold miner has already suspended production at its Cerro Vanguardia mine in Argentina.
Pan African Resources PAFR.L said it has sufficient liquidity but would look to reschedule its short-term senior debt obligations in the event the lockdown extends into a prolonged period.
Harmony Gold HARJ.J said the shutdown would "negatively impact" its annual production guidance of 1.4 million ounces and its full-year earnings.
"This is an unprecedented time in the history of the mining industry and our country," said Chief Executive Peter Steenkamp.
South32 S32.AX also said it would withdraw its full-year guidance for South African operations, which include thermal coal, aluminum, manganese and a smelter.
Impala Platinum IMPJ.J said it planning an orderly transition to care-and-maintenance status at its mining, smelting and refining operations while also working on an analysis of the impact.
"These are unprecedented and extraordinary times and we all need to make sacrifices for the greater good," said Impala CEO Nico Muller.
Sibanye Stillwater SSWJ.J , the world's largest primary producer of platinum, and Anglo American (LON: AAL ) Platinum AMSJ.J said they would comply with government measures but could not comment further at this stage.
While miners try to quantify the financial impact from the crisis, the South Africa's mining minister is meeting mining and energy executives on Tuesday to consider how to execute the lockdown.
"The country accounts for some 70% of global platinum mined supply and 35% of palladium, with a 21-day lockdown possibly resulting in a 4% and 2% of 2020 supply reduction," said Dmitry Glushakov, head of metals and mining research at VTB Capital.
"We believe that this might provide significant support to PGM (platinum group metals) prices in the short term."
<^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ South Africa to impose 21-day lockdown as coronavirus cases jump
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^> (Additional reporting Alexander Winning in Johannesburg and Peter Hobson in London Editing by Olivia Kumwenda-Mtambo and David Goodman)
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