(Updates bank responses)
JOHANNESBURG, April 1 (Reuters) - Two top ratings agencies downgraded big South African banks' credit ratings to junk, a move expected after the country's sovereign rating suffered the same fate last week from Moody's - the only agency to consider it investment-grade.
Fitch Ratings and Moody's said late on Monday they had downgraded South Afrian lenders' ratings to 'BB' and 'Baa3' respectively with a negative outlook, meaning the lenders are no longer considered investment-grade and they risk further downgrades if the situation worsens.
The agencies said Standard Bank SBKJ.J , Absa ABGJ.J , FirstRand FSRJ.J , Nedbank NEDJ.J and, in the case of Moody's, Investec 's INVP.L INLJ.J fortunes were tied to the deteriorating economy in South Africa, already in trouble prior to the outbreak of coronavirus, and those of the government.
Both highlighted the further blow to the economy, which slipped into recession in the final quarter of 2019, of the pandemic and a 21-day nationwide lockdown as the key factor, with banks' expected to see rising bad debts and lower revenues.
"A secondary driver of today's rating actions is South African banks' high sovereign exposure, mainly in the form of government debt securities held as part of their prudential liquidity requirements, which links their credit profiles to that of the government," Moody's continued.
It said the lenders' overall sovereign exposure, including loans to often troubled state-related entities, averaged at 176% of their capital bases.
In a statement, Absa said it remained well capitalised in all of its jurisdictions: "We remain confident that we have significant financial resources to remain resilient through the current crisis."
Nedbank said the downgrade would have an immaterial impact on the group's capital position and only a small impact on its cost of funds.
The other three lenders did not immediately provide a comment.
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